Umbilical Cord Care Knowledge and Practice among Sample of Kurdish Women
Keywords:Umblical Cord Care, Knowledge, Practice, Women
Background: The mother's awareness and practices regarding cord care are crucial to the survival of the newborn. It's because infections after birth most commonly enter through the cord stump. Practices for clean cord care aid in the prevention of infections, which lowers infant morbidity and mortality.
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge and practices regarding newborn umbilical cord care among Kurdish mothers.
Method: A descriptive study was carried out on 202 mothers at mala Fandi primary healthcare centre during middle year of 2023. data were collected through face-to-face questionnaire interviews. It consists of socio-demographic characteristics, the knowledge, and practices about cord care. Data were analysed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences software version 23.0. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were done.
Results: Out of 202 mothers (70.2%) of the mothers have a good knowledge about cord care and majority of the mothers (89.1%) have cleaned the umbilical cord stump of the baby and (40.6%) using the techniques named clean cord base and surrounding skin at the same time. Most of the mothers do not use any traditional substance (79.2%) while most of the learned about umbilical cord care by their parents (50%). age, Occupation, Level of education, type of family and residential area were influential factors with knowledge regarding cord care.
Conclusion: most of mothers had good knowledge and proper practice about cord care. Also, majority of mothers got information from parents and relatives.
Lawn JE, Cousens S, Zupan J. 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?. The lancet. 2005 Mar 5;365(9462):891-900.
Sharma G. Maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality in South-East Asia Region. Asian Journal of Epidemiology. 2012 Jan 1;5(1):1-4.
Shrestha T, Bhattarai SG, Silwal K. Knowledge and practice of postnatal mother in newborn care. Journal of Nepal medical association. 2013;52(190).
Dida G. Knowledge and attitude of postnatal mothers on essential newborn care practices at Marsabit county referral hospital (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).
Sinha A, Sazawal S, Pradhan A, Ramji S, Opiyo N. Chlorhexidine skin or cord care for prevention of mortality and infections in neonates. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2015(3).
Adebami OJ. Evaluation of home care management of umbilical cord stumps by mothers at Ilesa, Southwestern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics. 2014 Jun 20;41(3):218-22.
Lyngdoh D, Kaur S, Kumar P, Gautam V, Ghai S. Effect of Topical Application of Human Breast Milk Versus 4% Chlorhexidine Versus Dry Cord Care on Bacterial Colonization and Clinical Outcomes of Umbilical Cord in Preterm Newborns. Journal of Clinical Neonatology. 2018 Jan 1;7(1).
Kyomugisha, Rebecca. "Knowledge And Practices On Umbilical Cord Care Among Mothers Attending Young Child Clinic In Mutolere Hospital, Kisoro District." (2017).
Lizinde A, Suubi M. CORD CARE AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG MOTHERS OF BUWAMBO VILLAGE, WAKISO DISTRICT. A CROSS-SECTIONAL DESCRIPTIVE STUDY. Student's Journal of Health Research Africa. 2023 Jun 29;4(6):12-.
Asimwe R. knowledge and practices of postnatal mothers towards umbilical cord care of newborns at Kagando Hospital Postnatal Ward, Kasese District.
Ndomondo M, Outwater A, Mdegela S. Assessment of knowledge and practices on cord Care among postnatal mothers’ attending public health facilities in Morogoro municipality. Tanzania Journal of Health Research. 2022 Jun 13;23(1):1-0.
Kalufya NA, Seif SA, Masoi TJ. Knowledge and practice of umbilical cord care among young mothers of neonates in Tabora region: Analytical cross-sectional study. Medicine. 2022 Dec 12;101(49).
Nwonwu EU, Ituma BI, Onu-Njoku C, Sunday AJ, Anyigor BE, Amadi EC. Knowledge, Practice and Techniques of Umbilical Cord Care among Mothers in Nwezenyi, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Journal of Epidemiological Society of Nigeria. 2017 Feb 28;1:39-44.
Afolaranmi TO, Hassan ZI, Akinyemi OO, Sule SS, Malete MU, Choji CP, Bello DA. Cord care practices: a perspective of contemporary African setting. Frontiers in public health. 2018 Jan 31;6:10.
Ans M, Hussain M, Ahmed F, Khan KJ, Abbas S, Sultan M. Umbilical Cord Care Practices and Cord Care Education of Mothers Attending Health Care (Pakistan Prospect). Health. 2023 Jan 16;15(1):20-32.
Chizoma MN, Fisayo Oluwatosin MB, Abimbola OO. Umbilical cord care knowledge and practices of mothers attending selected Primary Health Care Centres in Ibadan, Nigeria. International Journal of Caring Sciences. 2020;13(1):143-51.
Nutor JJ, Kayingo G, Bell JF, Joseph JG. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding care of newborn umbilical cord among healthcare workers and mothers in the Volta region of Ghana. Annals of global health. 2016 Aug 20;82(3):548-.
Dessalegn N, Dagnaw Y, Seid K, Wolde A. Umbilical cord care practices and associated factor among mothers of neonates visiting mizan-tepi university teaching hospital southwest Ethiopia 2021. Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics. 2022 Jun 7:227-34.
Merga BT, Fekadu G, Raru TB, Ayana GM, Hassen FA, Bekana M, Negash B, Eshetu B, Birhanu A, Mulatu G, Balis B. Determinants of potentially harmful traditional cord care practices among mothers in Ethiopia. Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2022 Aug 30;10:925638.