The cholera epidemic of 1893 in the port of Sulina

  • Drăghici Ionuț Alexandru "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati -Romania


This paper analyzes the CED's attempt to provide its own sanitary vision, on a modern basis, in an unhealthy area. The need to impose a public health policy at the mouth of the Danube was given by Sulina's position as the gateway to Europe, subject to intense transit that brought with it a mobility of the disease. At the beginning of the 19th century, cholera arrived in Europe from distant Asia. After the first major epidemics that troubled the European space, various measures were developed to prevent and stop cholera. In 1893, Sulina Harbor was a meeting point for epidemic propagation and prevention policies. Its importance was also given by its strategic position, being a few hours of navigation by the ports of Odessa and Constantinople, as well as a gateway to Europe. Through the medical findings and regulations adopted by doctor Petrescu H. Stoica, the chief doctor of the European Commission of the Danube Hospital, and by the Romanian authorities, combining the social model with the medical one, a series of measures are adopted that give a new dimension. public health at the mouth of the Danube.

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