Self-Concept of College Students: Empirical Evidence from an Asian Setting

Authors

  • Jonah C. Balba Bukidnon State University, Satellite Campus, Impasug-ong, Bukidnon, Philippines
  • Manuel E. Caingcoy Bukidnon State University, College of Education, Annex Campus, Casisang, Malaybalay City, Philippines

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v24i1.4784

Keywords:

Emotional adjustment, self-fulfilment, honesty, autonomy, gender, ethnicity, age

Abstract

Individuals with high self-concept will likely have high life satisfaction, they easily get adjusted to life, and they communicate their feeling more appropriately. However, it was not certain whether self-concept would decline or improve as individuals age, or whether self-concept would vary between genders and ethnic groups.  To prove, a study was carried out to compare the self-concept of college students in an Asian context. The inquiry utilized the cross-sectional design in finding out significant differences in the self-concept of participants in terms of age, gender, and ethnicity. A 22-item questionnaire was adapted and administered to 222 Bachelor of Public Administration and Bachelor of Science in Business Administration students from the satellite campus of Bukidnon State University in the Philippines. Initially, a sample was randomly drawn from the population. During the actual data collection, the researchers had difficulty getting the responses from the randomly selected individuals due to internet connection and it was done amidst a pandemic. Instead, it took all responses from those who were available, have access to the internet, and could accomplish the google forms. The data were analyzed using Mean, Standard Deviation, T-test for independent sample, ANOVA and Post Hoc test. The results revealed that college students at the locale have a high level of self-concept in self-fulfilment, emotional adjustment, and honesty. Yet, they only had a moderate level of self-concept in autonomy. Further, there were significant differences in college students’ autonomy and honesty in terms of age and gender. Furthermore, there were significant differences in their emotional adjustment and self-fulfilment as to their ethnicity. The results have implications for instruction, administration, guidance services, and future research.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. A. FEBRIAN, I. N. KURNIAWAN: Social self-concept and life satisfaction: A preliminary study on Indonesian college students. Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Behavioral, Cognitive and Psychological Sciences, 53(22), 101-104, 2012.

S. BLACK: Part 4- Academic Self-concept and Emotions. Taylor & Francis, England & Wales: London,42-45, 2017. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02763877.2017.1349022

A. AKHTAR: 13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do. Business Insider, USA, 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/mentally-strong-people-2015-11

D. HUGH-JONES: Honesty, Beliefs about Honesty, and Economic Growth in 15 Countries. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, v127, 99-114, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2016.04.012

E. S. KLUWER, J. C. KARREMANS, L. RIEDIJK, R. KNEE: Autonomy in Relatedness: How Need Fulfillment Interacts in Close Relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 46(4), 603-616, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167219867964

F. MARTELA, T. J. J. RIEKKI: Autonomy, Competence, Relatedness, and Beneficence: A Multicultural Comparison of the Four Pathways to Meaningful Work. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(1557), 1-14, 2018. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01157

E. G. PALACIOS, I. E. ECHANIZ, A. R. FERNANdDEZ, I. C. O. DE BARRON: Personal Self-concept and Satisfaction with Life in Adolescence, Youth and Adulthood. Psicothema, 27(1), 52-58, 2015. doi: 10.7334/psicothema2014.105

E. USBORNE, D. TAYLOR: The Role of Cultural Identity Clarity for Self-Concept Clarity, Self-Esteem, and Subjective Well-Being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(7), 883-897, 2010. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0146167210372215

M. J. EASTERBROOK, T. KUPPENS, A. S. R. MANSTEAD: Socioeconomic status and the structure of the self-concept. British Journal of Social Psychology, 5(1), 66-86, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12334

L. BECARES, N. PRIEST: Understanding the Influence of Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Class on Inequalities in Academic and Non-Academic Outcomes among Eighth-Grade Students: Findings from an Intersectionality Approach. PLoS ONE, 10(10), 1-17, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141363

K. SINGH, M. CHANG, S. DIKA: Ethnicity, Self-Concept, and School Belonging: Effects on School Engagement. Educ Res Policy Prac, 9, 159-175, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10671-010-9087-0

D. RUDY, K. M. SHELDON, T. AWONG, H. H. TAN: Autonomy, culture, and well-being: The Benefitts of Inclusive Autonomy. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 983-1007, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.11.004

A. J. UMANA-TAYLOR, S. M. QUIATANA, R. M. LEE, W. E. CROSS, D. RIVAS-DRAKE, S. J. SCHWARTZ, M. SYED, T. YIP, E. SEATON: Ethnic and Racial Identity in the 21st Century Study Group. Ethnic and Racial Identity during Adolescence and into young Adulthood: An Integrated Conceptualization. Child Development, 85(1), 21-39, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12196

A. POVEDANO-DIAZ: Adolescents' Life Satisfaction: The Role of Classroom, Family, Self-Concept and Gender. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1), 1-12, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010019

M. ALRAJHI, S. ALDHAFRI, H. ALKHARUSI, I. ALHARTHY, H. ALBARASHDI, A. ALHADABI: Grade and Gender Effects on Self-Concept Development. The Open Psychology Journal, 12, 66-75, 2019. DOI: 10.2174/1874350101912010066

L. A. JACKSON, Y. ZHAO, E. A. WITT, H. E. FITZGERALD, A. V. EYE, R. HaAROLD: Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, Gender, Race, and Information Technology Use. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 12(4), 437-440, 2009. http://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2008.0286

L. A. JACKSON, A. VON EYE, H. E. FITZGERALD, Y. ZhHAO, E. A. WITT: Self-concept, Self-esteem, Gender, Race and Information Technology Use. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(3), 323-328, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.11.001

M. AL-ZYOUDI: Gender Differences in Self-Concept among Adolescents with Low Vision. International Journal of Special Education, 22(1), 132-136, 2007.

K. A. ARENS, M. HASSELHORN: Age and Gender Differences in the Relation Between Self-Concept Facets and Self-Esteem. The Journal of Early Adolescents, 34(6), 760-791, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431613503216

L. DURICOVA, E. FRGELCOVA: Development of Self-concept in Slovak Adolescents. The New Educational Review, 60(2), 13-26, 2020. DOI: 10.15804/tner.2020.60.2.01

K. CHERRY: What is self-concept and how does it form? Very well Mind, 2019.

E. GONI, J. M. MADARIAGA, I. A. EXPA, A. GONI: Structure of the Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 11(3), 501-522, 2011.

M. S. SETIA: Methodology Series Module 3: Cross-sectional StudieS. Indian journal of Dermatology, 61(3), 261-264, 2016. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5154.182410

LOCAL GOVERNEMENT UNIT OF ImMPASUG-ONG BUKIDNON. Brief history. Impasugong, Bukidnon - The Tribal Capital of Bukidnon and Home of the Country's Finest Cowboys. LGU of Impasug-ong Bukidnon: Philippines, 2014.

J. J. B. ARUTA: Understanding the structure of Autonomy Among Filipino Adolescents. Educational Measurement and Evaluation Research, 7, 37-49, 2016.

S. T. CHARLES, L. L. CARSTENSEN: Social and Emotional Aging. Annual review of psychology, 61, 383-409, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100448

W. ONETTI, J. C. FERNANDEZ-GARCIA, A. CASTILLO-RODRIGUEZ: Transition to Middle school: Self-concept Changes. Plos One, 14(2), 1-12, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212640

J. N. IGBO, V. C. ONU, N. O. OBIYO: Impact of gender stereotype on secondary school students' self-concept and academic achievement. Sage Open, 5(1) pp. 1-10, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015573934

M. EREMIE, G. U. IKPAH: Self-Concept and Occupational Aspiration Among Secondary School Students in Rivers State. International Journal of Innovative Psychology & Social Development, 5(2),1-4, 2017.

D. C. CICERO: Measurement Invariance of the Self-Concept Clarity Scale Across Race and Sex. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 42(2), 296-305, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-019-09770-x

Downloads

Published

2021-10-09

How to Cite

Balba, J. C., & Caingcoy, M. E. (2021). Self-Concept of College Students: Empirical Evidence from an Asian Setting. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 24(1), 26–37. https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v24i1.4784

Issue

Section

Administrative Sciences