Diaspora Causatum: Enhancing Defense Diplomacy Through Alterations in Citizenship Laws

Keywords: Citizenship Law, Defense Diplomacy, Diaspora, Transnationalism, Contemporary Warfare, Multi-track Diplomacy


The paper aims to analyze how diasporas across the globe can become potential elements in enhancing their home country's national interest. Through social aspects such as citizenship laws, engaging diasporas can be one way to broaden a state’s resources in its defense system. Comparative analysis and assessment are used to elaborate on how various countries – which possess a large number of diasporic communities along with comprehensive law systems that regulate its citizenship issues – are reflected upon and proposed for a modified model within Indonesia's scope. The paper concludes that modification of the Indonesian citizenship law in accordance with the government's strategic Defense Diplomacy is an effective way of enhancing sustainable ties with other countries. This research can be used within the government to consider diasporas as elements of national power. Other areas of study, such as defense studies and security studies, may also benefit. This research offers a unique way in altering Confidence Building Measure (CBM) mechanisms in the scope of Defense Diplomacy Studies that will enhance good relations and comprehensively establish synergies between public diplomacy and defense diplomacy en bloc. 


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Author Biographies

Shabrina Amelia Ronny, Indonesia Defense University

Researcher on international migration and human rights. Currently undergoing a second postgraduate degree at Indonesia Defense University. Previously studied Immigration Law at Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom.

Helda Risman, Indonesia Defense University

Helda Risman is a lecturer in the Faculty of Strategic Defense, Indonesia Defense University. Despite his military background, he has been dedicating in the field of academics and is currently undergoing a Ph.D. degree at Indonesia Defense University. His main research focuses on international immigration and issues surrounding state sovereignty.

Surryanto Djoko Waluyo, Indonesia Defense University

Surryanto is actively lecturing in the Faculty of Strategic Defense. He mainly researches in international relations, specifically on the role of the military in Defense Diplomacy. He has acquired a doctoral degree and is now holding the position of Asymmetric Warfare Course Director.

How to Cite
Ronny, S. A., Helda Risman, & Waluyo, S. D. (2020). Diaspora Causatum: Enhancing Defense Diplomacy Through Alterations in Citizenship Laws. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 9(1), 479-494. Retrieved from https://techniumscience.com/index.php/socialsciences/article/view/1130
Political Science