Online EFL Teaching and Learning: Advanced Grammar Class and Washback Effect in Test

Keywords: online learning, COVID-19, WhatsApp, e-learning platform, washback effect, online test


This study investigates the teaching and learning English through online class and  the washback effect of online testing during pandemic COVID-19 issue. The participants of this study were University EFL teacher and undergraduate students of English Education Department at Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Purwokerto in Central Java Province, Indonesia. The data were collected through interviews, documents and pictures. Then, the data analysis technique was adopted from Spradley (1980). The finding has indicated that the teaching and learning online is realized effectively through Whatsapp Group (WAG) as the e-learning platform. There are positive and negative washback effects of online testing to the teaching and learning, exclusively in advance grammar course. The teacher becomes aware of the use of test item and online testing system. In other hand, the students intend to have well preparedness to follow the test.


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Author Biographies

Lutfiana, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Lutfiana is a student from Master of English Education at Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Central Java Province, Indonesia. From her time studying as an undergraduate student, she has always been encouraged to write academic writings. She is experienced in administering research projects and one of her report papers was published in an international journal. She also actively contributed to her lecturer’s works, books, and monographs. Her main research interest is Teaching English as a Foreign Language and English Education. Her e-mail address is



Tono Suwartono, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Tono Suwartono is an Associate Professor of TESOL with English Language Teaching Department at Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Central Java Province, Indonesia. He has conducted countless researches, extensively published articles in national, international, as well as internationally reputed journals. He has traveled to many parts over the globe to present papers in conferences and publish them in proceedings. He has also productively written reference books and monographs. He has trained thousands of teachers nationwide. Besides working for the National Supervising Team in the implementation of School National Examination and Teacher Certification Program, he also sits in the editorial team and serves as a peer reviewer for several journals within Indonesia and beyond, including Arab World English Journal, Athens Journal of Philology (Greece), and Technium Social Sciences Journal (Romania). His main interests include: TEFL/TESOL and teacher training and professional development. His email address is

How to Cite
Lutfiana, & Tono Suwartono. (2020). Online EFL Teaching and Learning: Advanced Grammar Class and Washback Effect in Test. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 11(1), 23-35.