The Human in the perspective of Freud and its comparison with the Shiite Islam perspective
human in Freud perspective and shia islam
Keywords:Freud's theory, Shi'a Islam, human being, anthropology, huaman nature
Freud's theory is among the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy. Freud, like other psychotherapists has his own anthropological views. In Freud's theory, man is an instinctive being. A human being is a system of energy, and this energy is the same as the energy of the "id" or "libido. The goal of life is to reduce the tension and gain pleasure. Most human behaviors originate from the unconscious, and humans do not have free will. From this perspective, the person has no tendency to morality within himself, and consequently ethics will be relative. However, From Shi'a point of view, man is the supreme creature of God and is a creature that has two lives. Human beings have free will, so there is a responsibility. Shi'a believes that man is not morally neutral and generally have a common moral sense and are aware of the ethical principles and the ultimate goal of life and Creation is to reach the nearness to God.
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